Demographics


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noun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian
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Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
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Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood); French, English (somewhat understood)
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Sunni Muslim 74%, other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%, Christian (various denominations) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)
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22,530,746 (July 2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

note: approximately 18,100 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2010)
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0-14 years: 35.2% (male 4,066,109/female 3,865,817)
15-64 years: 61% (male 6,985,067/female 6,753,619)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 390,802/female 456,336) (2011 est.)
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total: 21.9 years
male: 21.7 years
female: 22.1 years (2011 est.)
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-0.797% (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 225

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23.52 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 69

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3.67 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 208

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-27.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 218

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urban population: 56% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
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Aleppo 2.985 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.527 million; Hims 1.276 million; Hamah 854,000 (2009)
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at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2012 est.)
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46 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)

country comparison to the world: 100

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total: 15.12 deaths/1,000 live births

country comparison to the world: 115

male: 17.38 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
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total population: 74.92 years

country comparison to the world: 94

male: 72.53 years
female: 77.45 years (2012 est.)
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2.85 children born/woman (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 69

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2.9% of GDP (2009)

country comparison to the world: 180

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1.5 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

country comparison to the world: 80

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1.5 beds/1,000 population (2009)

country comparison to the world: 121

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improved:
urban: 94% of population
rural: 84% of population
total: 89% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6% of population
rural: 16% of population
total: 11% of population (2008)
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improved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 4% of population (2008)
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less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

country comparison to the world: 159

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fewer than 500 (2003 est.)

country comparison to the world: 150

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fewer than 200 (2003 est.)

country comparison to the world: 114

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10% (2006)

country comparison to the world: 66

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4.9% of GDP (2007)

country comparison to the world: 66

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definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.6%
male: 86%
female: 73.6% (2004 census)
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total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2007)
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total: 19.1%

country comparison to the world: 61

male: 13.1%
female: 49.1% (2007)

 

Source: CIA The World Fact Book : https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sy.html

 

Syrian Center for Political & Strategic Studies
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202-738-1202      E-mail: info@scpss.org